Environment Sri Lanka > Biodiversity

Species Diversity of Sri Lanka

Flora - Number of species described in Sri Lanka

Taxonomic group
Number of species
Number of Endemics
Algae
896 NA
Fungi
1920 NA
Lichens
110 39
Mosses
575 NA
Liverworts
190 NA
Ferns and fern allies
314 57
Gymnosperms
1 0
Flowering plants
3100 + 850 +

Fauna - Number of species described in Sri Lanka

Taxonomic group
Number of species Number of Endemics
Rotifera
140+ NA
Anthozoa (corals)
183 NA
Annelida
50+ NA
Flatworms
23+ NA
Crustacea
400 NA
Land snails
266 201
Mayflies
18 18
Mosquitoes
139 NA
Beetles
525 127
Butterflies
243 20
Spiders
700+ NA
Freshwater fishes
78 32
Amphibians
56 38
Land reptiles
155 91
Birds (including migrants)
435 23
Mammals
90 14

Source: State of the Environment in Sri Lanka (2002) Ministry of Enviornment and Natural Resources
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