Plains National Park
Forestry and environment socitey, University of
The Horton Plains National Park is the only national park situated
in the wet zone of the country and falls within the Nuwara Eliya
district. Situated 2300m above sea level this national park has
different climatic conditions and habitat to all the other national
parks. Almost all life forms in Horton Plains are adapted to the
high altitude conditions. There are a lot of endemic flora and
fauna found in the plains itself. The endemicity among fauna is
comparatively high. Bear Monkey (race of the Purple Face leaf
Monkey), Sambhur and Leopard are some interesting mammals. One
would also find several endemic hill country birds in the Horton
plains national park. The panoramic scenic beauty of the hill
country could be witnessed within the park. The famous "World's
End" and "Bakers Falls" are major attractions.
The Kirigalpotta, second highest peak and the Thotapola, third
highest peak of the country are also situated in the Horton plains.
The Ruhunu (Yala) National Park is one of the largest national
parks in the Country with 103,882.9 hectares. It is situated 300
K.m. south of Colombo on the southeast shore of Sri Lanka. This
National Park has several habitat types such as forests, scrub
lands, grass lands, lagoons, beaches and other wetlands. This
is the most visited national park of the country and its main
attractions are Elephants, Leopards, Sloth Bears, Crocodiles,
migratory and resident birds. Most appealing is the overall 'feel'
of undisturbed jungle. Big rock formations, Tanks, Beaches and
the Lagoons amplify the scenic beauty. A safari jeep ride will
take you to close encounters with the wild beasts and to the beauty
of the park and make it an unforgettable experience of your life.
The Kithulgala forest is a secondary rain forest situated beside
the Kelani River, one of our longest rivers. There is a tributary
flowing through the forest to this river. The forest reserve has
a high biodiversity. Though it is mostly secondary forest, it's
faunal and floral diversity is very similar to a primary forest.
Wild boar, Toque Macaque, Purple faced leaf monkey, and Barking
deer are some of the interesting mammal species.Among the interesting
bird species Red faced Malkoha, Ceylon Blue Magpie, Oriental Dwarf
Kingfisher, Frog Mouth and Layard's Parakeet are outstanding.
Udawalawe National Park is situated in both intermediate zone and
the dry zone. Udawalawe park is adjacent to the Udawalawe reservoir
and Walawe river. The extent of the Udawalawe park is approximately
30821 hectares and is situated 170km south east of Colombo. This
park lies between Rathnapura and Moneragala districts. Though rain
forests, scrub lands, and teak plantations are the habitat types
of this park, grasslands with tall grass and occasional trees and
bushes decorates the land for the living herds of wild Elephants.
Udawalawe, is probably one of the best places to see wild elephants
in Sri Lanka!
Bundala National Park is the only 'RAMSAR' site in Sri Lanka,
which lies in south arid zone of the country. This national park
consists of many large and small water bodies such as lagoons,
tanks (reservoirs) and salt pans. Apart from the wetlands, the
park consists of dry thorny scrub forest short in height. This
type of forest is unique to the dry and arid parts of the country.
The water bodies create a good feeding ground for the wetland
birds, Migratory birds & Flocks of humming birds which attracts
many visitors. Migratory birds can be found in very large numbers
during the migratory period. A large flock of Flamingos loitering
is also a big attraction.
site Maintained by
Forestry and Environmental Science Society of Univesity of Sri Jayewardenepura,
Nugegoda, Sri Lanka and
Young Biolgists' Association, National Meuseum of the Naural History,
Sir Marcus Fernando Mawatha, Colombo 7, Sri Lanka.
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